PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 449
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 449 - COCKFIGHTING LAW OF 1974
WHEREAS, cockfighting has been and still is a popular, traditional and customary form of recreation and entertainment among Filipinos during legal holidays, local fiestas, agricultural, commercial and industrial fairs, carnivals or expositions;WHEREAS, by reason of the aforestated meaning and connotation of cockfighting in relation to Filipino customs and traditions, it should neither be exploited as an object of commercialism or business enterprise, nor made a tool of uncontrolled gambling, but more as a vehicle for the preservation and perpetuation of native Filipino heritage and thereby enhance our national identity.NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby decree and order to be part of the laws of the land, the following: Section 1. Title. — This Decree shall be known as the "Cockfighting Law of 1974".Section 2. Scope. — This law shall govern the establishment, operation, maintenance and ownership of cockpits.Section 3. Declaration of Policy. — It is hereby declared a policy of the government to insure within the framework of the New Society maximum development and promotion of wholesome recreation and amusement to bring about the following goals:(a) To effectively control and regulate cockfighting towards its establishment as a national recreation, relaxation and source of entertainment;(b) To provide additional revenue for our tourism program; and(c) To remove and prevent excessive and unreasonable business operation and profit considerations in the management of cockpits and, instead preserve Philippine customs and traditions and thereby enhance our national identity.Section 4. Definition of Terms. — As used in this law, the following terms shall be understood, applied and construed as follows:(a) Cockfighting — shall embrace and mean the commonly known game or term "cockfighting derby, pintakasi or tupada", or its equivalent terms in different Philippine localities.(b) Zoning Law or Ordinance — Either both national or local city or municipal legislation which logically arranges, prescribes, defines and apportions a given political subdivision into specific land uses as present and future projection of needs warrant.(c) Bet Taker or Promoter — A person who calls and takes care of bets from owners of both gamecocks and those of other bettors before he orders commencement of the cockfight and thereafter distributes won bets to the winners after deducting a certain commission.(d) Gaffer (Taga Tari) — A person knowledgeable in the art of arming fighting cocks with gaff or gaffs on either or both legs.(e) Referee (Sentenciador) — A person who watches and oversees the proper gaffing of fighting cocks, determines the physical condition of fighting cocks while cockfighting is in progress, the injuries sustained by the cocks and their capability to continue fighting and decides and make known his decision by work or gestures and result of the cockfight by announcing the winner or declaring a tie or no contest game.(f) Bettor — A person who participates in cockfights and with the use of money or other things of value, bets with other bettors or through the bet taker or promoter and wins or loses his bet depending upon the result of the cockfight as announced by the Referee or Sentenciador. He may be the owner of fighting cock.Section 5. Cockpits and Cockfighting: In General. —(a) Ownership, Operation and Management of Cockpits. — Only Filipino citizens not otherwise inhibited by existing laws shall be allowed to own, manage and operate cockpits. Cooperative capitalization is encouraged.(b) Establishment of Cockpits. — Only one cockpit shall be allowed in each city or municipality, except that in cities or municipalities with a population of over one hundred thousand, two cockpits may be established, maintained and operated. (c) Cockpits Site and Construction. — Cockpits shall be constructed and operated within the appropriate areas as prescribed in Zoning Law or Ordinance. In the absence of such law or ordinance, the local executives shall see to it that no cockpits are constructed within or near existing residential or commercial areas, hospitals, school buildings, churches or other public buildings. Owners, lessees, or operators of cockpits which are now in existence and do not conform to this requirement are given three years from the date of effectivity of this Decree to comply herewith. Approval or issuance of building permits for the construction of cockpits shall be made by the city or provincial engineer in accordance with their respective building codes, ordinances or engineering laws and practices.(d) Holding of Cockfights. — Except as provided in this Decree, cockfighting shall be allowed only in licensed cockpits during Sundays and legal holidays and during local fiestas for not more than three days. It may also be held during provincial, city or municipal, agricultural, commercial or industrial fair, carnival or exposition for a similar period of three days upon resolution of the province, city or municipality where such fair, carnival or exposition is to be held, subject to the approval of the Chief of Constabulary or his authorized representative: Provided, that, no cockfighting on the occasion of such fair, carnival or exposition shall be allowed within the month of a local fiesta or for more than two occasions a year in the same city or municipality: Provided, further, that no cockfighting shall be held on December 30 (Rizal Day), June 12 (Philippine Independence Day), November 30 (National Heroes Day), Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Election or Referendum Day and during Registration Days for such election or referendum.(e) Cockfighting for Entertainment of Tourists or for Charitable Purposes. — Subject to the preceding subsection hereof, the Chief Constabulary or his authorized representative may also allow the holding of cockfighting for the entertainment of foreign dignitaries or for tourists, or for returning Filipinos, commonly known as "Balikbayan", or for the support of national fund-raising campaigns for charitable purposes as may be authorized by the Office of the President, upon resolution of a provincial board, city or municipal council, in licensed cockpits or in playgrounds or parks: Provided, that this privilege shall be extended for only one time, for a period not exceeding three days, within a year to a province, city, or municipality.(f) Other games during cockfights prescribed. — No gambling of any kind shall be permitted on the premises of the cockpit or place of cockfighting during cockfights. The owner, manager or lessee off such cockpit and the violators of this injunction shall be criminally liable under Section 8 hereof.Section 6. Licensing of Cockpits. — City and municipal mayors are authorized to issue licenses for the operation and maintenance of cockpits subject to the approval of the Chief of Constabulary or his authorized representatives. For this purpose, ordinances may be promulgated for the imposition and collection of taxes and fees not exceeding the rates fixed under Section 13, paragraphs (a) and (b); and 19; paragraph (g) 16 of Presidential Decree No. 231, dated June 28, 1973, otherwise known as the Local Tax Code, as amended.Section 7. Cockfighting Officials. — Gaffers, referees or bet takers or promoters shall not act as such in any cockfight herein authorized, without first securing a license renewable every year on their birth month from the city or municipality where such cockfighting is held. Cities and municipalities may charge a tax of not more than twenty pesos. Only licensed gaffers, referees, bet takers or promoters shall officiate in all kinds of cockfighting authorized in this Decree.Section 8. Penal Provisions. — Any violation of the provisions of this Decree and of the rules and regulations promulgated by the Chief of Constabulary pursuant thereto shall be punished as follows:a. By prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine of two thousand pesos, with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency, when the offender is the financier, owner, manger or operator of a cockpit, or the gaffer, referee or bet taker in cockfights; or the offender is guilty of allowing, promoting or participating in any other kind of gambling in the premises of cockpits during cockfights.b. By prision correccional or a fine of not less than six hundred pesos nor more than two thousand pesos or both, such imprisonment and fine at the discretion of the court, with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency, in case of any other offender. Section 9. Repealing Clause. — The provisions of Section 2285 and 2286 of the Revised Penal Code, Republic Act No. 946, all laws, decrees, rules and regulations, or orders which are inconsistent with this Decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.Section 10. Date of Effectivity. — This Decree shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette.Done in the City of Manila, this 9th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-four.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1140
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1140 - AMENDING THE COCKFIGHTING LAW OF 1974
WHEREAS, several petitions have been received from local governments and from owners, lessees
and operators of cockpits for the extension of the period within which to comply with the zoning requirements for
the construction of cockpits as embodied in the Cockpit
Law of 1974; WHEREAS, under said Law, owners, lessees and operators of cockpits were required to transfer their cockpits away from
residential or commercial areas, hospitals, school buildings, churches or other public places within three years from the
effectivity of the Law, which period expired on May 9,
1977;NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by
the Constitution, do hereby extend for another year the period within which owners, lessees and operators of cockpits shall
conform to the provisions of Cockpit Law of 1974, with respect to cockpit sites and their construction.Done in the City of Manila, this 13th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-seven.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1310
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1310 - AMENDING PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 449, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS "THE COCKFIGHTING LAW OF 1974"
WHEREAS, cockfighting has proven to be one of the major tourist attraction in the Philippines;WHEREAS, under existing law only one cockpit is allowed in each city or municipality;WHEREAS, there is a need to amend the law to allow the establishment of additional cockpits to give impetus to our tourism program.NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree: Section 1. Section (5)b of Presidential Decree No. 449 is hereby amended to read as follows:"(b) Establishment of Cockpits. — Only one cockpit shall be allowed in each city or municipality: Provided, however, That in cities and municipalities with a population of more than one hundred thousand, two cockpits may be established, maintained and operated in the poblacion and one in each city or town district. Section 2. This Decree shall take effect immediately. Done in the City of Manila, this 6th day of March in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-eight.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1535
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1535 - EXTENDING THE PERIOD WITHIN WHICH TO CONFORM WITH THE ZONING REQUIREMENTS, PRESCRIBED BY PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 449, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE "COCKFIGHTING LAW OF 1974"
WHEREAS, cockfighting is still one of the major tourist attractions in the Philippines; WHEREAS, under existing law, owners, lessees or operators of cockpits are given up to May 9, 1978 to conform with the zoning requirements as prescribed by Section 5 (c) of P.D. No. 449;WHEREAS, there is a need to extend the period and give these owners, lessees or operators of cockpits, sufficient time within which to conform with these requirements. NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree: Section 1. Owners, lessees or operators of cockpits which are not in existence and have not conformed with the zoning requirements prescribed by law or ordinance are given two (2) more years from date of effectivity of this Decree to comply therewith. Section 2. All laws, decrees, orders, letters of instructions, rules and regulations or parts thereof that are inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed, superseded, modified or amended accordingly. Section 3. This Decree shall take effect immediately. Done in the City of Manila, this 11th day of June, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-eight.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1802
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1802 - CREATING THE PHILIPPINE GAMEFOWL COMMISSION
WHEREAS, Cockfighting as a Filipino heritage has developed to the extent that there is a need to reconcile the interest of Filipino gamefowl breeders and the interest of promoters/operators of international cockfight derbies who make use of imported gamefowls;WHEREAS, a recognition of the entertainment and attraction to tourism aspects of cockfighting must be coupled with continuous government regulation of such sport;WHEREAS, there is need to consolidate in one agency the authority, functions and responsibilities pertinent to the regulation of the various aspects of cockpit operation, cockfighting and gamefowl breeding governments as provided for the Revised Penal Code and various ordinances and national agencies as provided for in their enabling acts and statutes;WHEREAS, in keeping with the multifaceted reforms and changes, there was a need to amend Sections 2285 and 2286 of the Revised Administrative Code through the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 449;WHEREAS, in furtherance of the avowed policies of the government on cockfighting as contained in Presidential Decree No. 449, there is need to incorporate relevant details which are not explicitly provided in Executive Order No. 636;WHEREAS, under Presidential Decree No. 1416, the President is empowered to undertake such organizational and related improvements as may be appropriate in the light of changing circumstances and new developments.NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree: Section 1. Creation of the Philippine Gamefowl Commission. — There is hereby created under the Office of the President, the Philippine Gamefowl Commission, hereinafter referred to as the Commission, which shall be composed of nine (9) members, as follows: the Director of Animal Industry, the Chairman of the Games and Amusement Board; a representative of the Ministry of Local Government and Community Development; a representative of the Ministry of Tourism; a representative of the Ministry of Finance; and four (4) other members from the private sector to be appointed by the President, one of whom shall be a representative of a nationwide recognized cockpit owners/operators association.The President shall designate the chairman of the Commission from among its members.Section 2. Powers and Functions of the Commission. — The Commission shall have the following powers, functions and duties: a) Promulgate and enforce rules and regulations relative to the holding of cockfight derbies and cockfights in the Philippines including the frequency sites, conduct and operation of such derbies and cockfights;b) Issue licenses for the holding of international derbies;c) Prescribe policy guidelines for the issuance of permits by the Bureau of Animals Industry for the importation or entry of gamecocks into the country for breeding or competition purposes;d) Fix and periodically revise whenever necessary subject to the approval of the Ministry of Finance, the rates of license fees and other levies that may be imposed on local derbies and cockfights and international cockfight derbies, cockpit personnel and employees;e) To promulgate rules and regulations relative to the holding, methods, procedures, operations and conduct of cockfighting in general as well as accreditation of cockpit personnel and association of cockpit owners, operators and lessees, to elevated the standard of cockfighting;f) To promulgate its own rules and procedures relative to the conduct of its own business;g) To appoint an Executive-Director, subordinate officials and other personnel of the Commission and fix their compensation;h) To establish uniform rules and regulations to govern actual cockfighting enforceable in all cockpits in the Philippines and to provide sanctions for violation thereof; i) To deputize any government office, entity, agency and public officer in the implementation of all laws, decrees, letters of instructions, general orders pertinent to cockfighting rules and regulations issued by the Commission;j) To initiate, undertake, hear and decide any investigation for any violation of this Decree, rules and regulations of the Commission and in connection therewith, to issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum;k) To perform such duties and exercise such powers as may be necessary or incidental to achieve the objectives of this Decree;l) To perform such other functions as may be authorized by law.Section 3. The terms defined in Presidential Decree No. 449 and Executive Order No. 636 are herein deemed incorporated.Section 4. City and Municipal Mayors with the concurrence of their respective Sangguniang Panlungsod or Sangguniang Bayan, shall have the authority to license and regulate regular cockfighting, under the supervision of the City Mayor and the Provincial Governor, as the case may be. (See PD 1802-A)Section 5. Such amount as may be necessary for the operating expenses of the Commission for the current and immediately following calendar year is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of the appropriations for the Commission shall be included in the general appropriations act.Section 6. Penal Provision. — Punishable offenses as provided for in P.D. 449 shall remain punishable under this Decree and any violation of the rules and regulations forthwith to be issued by this Commission shall be treated in accordance with the penal sanctions provided therein.Section 7. Repealing Clause. — All laws, specifically the provisions of the Customs and Tariff Code allowing auction of illegally imported gamecocks, decrees, charters, executive orders, administrative orders, proclamations, rules and regulations of parts thereof that are in conflict with this Decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.Section 8. Effectivity. — This Decree shall take effect immediately.Done in the City of Manila, this 16th day of January, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty-one.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1802-A
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1802-A - AMENDING Section 4 OF PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1802 CREATING THE PHILIPPINE GAMEFOWL COMMISSION
I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, Presidential of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decrees:Section 1. Section 4 of Presidential Decree No. 1802 is hereby amended to read as follows: "Sec. 4. City and Municipal Mayors with the concurrence of their respective "Sanggunians" shall have the authority to license and regulate regular cockfighting pursuant to the rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission and subject to its review and supervision."Section 2. This Decree shall take effect immediately.Done in the City of Manila, this 16th day of January, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty-one.
THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE
OF THE PHILIPPINES
LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS
TITLE TWO. - THE MUNICIPALITY
Article Three. - The Sangguniang Bayan
SEC. 446. Composition. - (a) The sangguniang bayan, the legislative body of the municipality, shall be composed of the municipal vice-mayoras the presiding officer, the regular sanggunian members, the president of the municipal chapter of the liga ng mga barangay, the president of the pambayang pederasyon ng mga sangguniang kabataan, and the sectoral representatives, as members.
(b) In addition thereto, there shall be three (3) sectoral representatives: one (1) from the women; and, as shall be determined by the sanggunian concerned within ninety (90) days prior to the holding of local elections, one (1) from the agricultural or industrial workers; and one (1) from the other sectors, including the urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, or disabled persons.
(c) The regular members of the sangguniang bayan and the sectoral representatives shall be elected in the manner as may be provided for by law.
SEC. 447. - Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation. - (a) The sangguniang bayan, as the legislative body of the municipality, shall enact ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general welfare of the municipality and its inhabitants pursuant to Section 16 of this Code and in the proper exercise of the corporate powers of the municipality as provided for under Section 22 of this Code, and shall:
(3) Subject to the provisions of Book II of this Code, grant franchises, enact ordinances authorizing the issuance of permits or licenses, or enact ordinances levying taxes, fees and charges upon such conditions and for such purposes intended to promote the general welfare of the inhabitants of the municipality, and pursuant to this legislative authority shall:
(v) Any law to the contrary notwithstanding, authorize and license the establishment, operation, and maintenance of cockpits, and regulate cockfighting and commercial breeding of gamecocks: Provided, That existing rights should not be prejudiced;
POWERS OF THE GAMES & AMUSEMENT BOARD
In line with the goals and objectives envisioned behind its establishment and pursuant to its various mandates, the GAB is provided with complete power and authority to perform the duties and responsibilities inherent in the work aspects cited hereunder.
SUPERVISION OF INTERNATIONAL COCKFIGHT DERBIESThis Board issues, upon compliance with requirements therefor, permits for the holding of international cockfight derbies, accredits cockpit officiating personnel, supervises the actual holding of such promotions and prescribes policy guidelines for the issuance by the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) of permits for the importation of foreign-bred gamecocks for competition purposes during such derbies.